Tax Alert: Election Impact on Individual Tax Planning
The tax and economic policies of the 2020 presidential candidates, and their respective parties, are of historical importance. Tax policy is a core driver of consumer behavior and the winning candidate will determine the course for getting the economy back on track following the downturn triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.
With a Biden victory all but certain, individuals must pay close attention to how his campaign’s proposed policies will affect their total tax liability and be prepared to make any changes or updates, in some cases, during the weeks ending the 2020 tax year.
2020 prospective results overview
Biden Victory | 50/50 Senate Split
In the case of a 50/50 split in the Senate, the tie-breaking vote goes to the Vice President, giving de facto Senate leadership to the party in the White House.
The Biden campaign’s proposed tax plan focuses on rolling back tax breaks and “loopholes” for corporations and high-net-worth individuals, specifically related to changes made in the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Biden also proposed a number of significant tax breaks and stimulus efforts targeted at spurring growth in historically-disadvantaged communities and the renewable energy sector, while simultaneously rolling back fossil fuel industry subsidies.
In the case of a Biden/Democratic win, it seems unlikely that an out-going President Trump will be motivated to support a new COVID-19 economic stimulus plan before leaving office. On the other hand, an incoming President Biden will likely immediately push for stimulus upon taking office, and will be successful with control over the Senate.
Biden Victory | Republican Senate Majority
Any outcome that has White House and Senate leadership at loggerheads will likely result in the blocking of any major economic and tax policy changes. With Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s re-election, there is little reason to suspect he’ll alter his long-standing obstructionist stance against Democrat-sponsored and supported bills.
Tax planning considerations
Proposed Change to Estate Taxes
Maximizing lifetime estate exclusion
There are numerous ways to accomplish this while maintaining some control over the assets (SLATs and 678 trusts):
- Adjust long term planning for gifts that cannot be completed by year end by utilizing traditional estate planning (GRATs, CLATS, and IDGT).
- Decant grantor trusts into non-grantor trusts.
Elimination of Preferential Rate for Capital Gains
Consider strategies to accelerate capital gain income, including:
- Electing out of installment sales.
- Not completing in-process 1031 transactions.
- Selling appreciated property that is not intended to be held long term.
39% Marginal Tax Rate for Income Over $400,000
- Defer Loss Harvesting.
- Exercise NSOs and consider 83b election when appropriate.
- Convert to a Roth IRA and accelerate tax.
Social Security Tax Expansion
Reorganize or elect to be taxed as a C-Corporation:
- C-corp owners with $400,000-$1,000,000 of income could have an effective rate on dividends of 45.1%
- C-corp owners with greater than $1,000,000 of income could have an effective rate on dividends of 51.9%
- Incentive Stock Options (ISOs) – No FICA tax on option spread
- Non-Qualified Stock Options (NQSOs) – FICA tax on option spread is delayed until exercise
- Deferred Compensation – There may be timing benefits down the road
A Democrat-led White House and Congress has the most drastic potential impact on immediate tax planning. However, pressure to create a COVID-19 relief bill will likely be the priority for the in-coming administration, pushing any substantive tax reform to an effective date after 2022. Even so, understanding proposed changes and early planning are recommended to minimize any negative impact stemming from tax reform.