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Businesses Can File Retroactive Claims for the Employee Retention Tax Credit

By Michael Silvio, CPA

Many people are excited about the pace of economic recovery, and it’s fair to say we are moving in the right direction. But as the excitement continues and life feels more like it is returning to normal after the pandemic, make sure you don’t forget to take advantage of some of the programs that were put in place to help us through the COVID-19 crisis.

Employee Retention Tax Credit

The Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC) is a refundable tax credit created by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, to encourage businesses to keep employees on their payroll. For 2020, the credit is 70% of up to $10,000 in wages paid by an employer whose business was fully or partially suspended because of COVID-19 or whose gross receipts declined by more than 50%

For 2021, an employer can receive 70 percent of the first $10,000 of qualified wages paid per employee in each qualifying quarter. The credit applies to wages paid from March 13, 2020, through December 31, 2021. And the cost of employer-paid health benefits can be considered part of employees' qualified wages.

It’s an attractive credit if you qualify.

Eligible businesses

The credit applies to all employers regardless of size, including tax exempt organizations that had a full or partial shutdown because of a government order limiting commerce due to COVID-19 during 2020 or 2021. With the exceptions of state and local governments or small businesses that take Small Business Administration loans, this credit is available to almost everyone.

Of course, there is some fine print:
• To qualify, gross receipts must have declined more than 50 percent during a 2020 or 2021 calendar quarter, when compared to the same quarter in the prior year.
• For employers with 100 or fewer full-time employees, all employee wages qualify for the credit, whether the employer is open for business or shutdown.
• For employers with more than 100 full-time employees, qualified wages are wages paid to employees when they are not providing services due to COVID-19-related circumstances.

One bright point about the ERTC is that employers can be immediately reimbursed for the credit by reducing the amount of payroll taxes they would usually have withheld from employees’ wages. That was a nice touch by the IRS.

Retroactive claims for the ERTC

Although it appears the IRS tried to make this as easy as possible, you may still need a tax professional to sort it out. For instance, if your business had a substantial decline in gross receipts but has now recovered, you can still claim the credit for the difficult period

Retroactive claims for refunds will probably be delayed because currently everything is delayed at the IRS. The credit can be claimed on amended payroll tax returns as long as the statute of limitations remains open, which is three years from the date of filing. So you have some time to claim the credit, but why wait?

Keep December 2021 in mind

The economy is in a state of change, and it is fair to say that we are once again in uncharted territory. On the positive side, there seems to be significant resources and support for businesses from both government and consumers. You and your tax professional should keep your eyes open for credits and benefits to make sure you don’t miss any opportunitie

The ERTC expires in December 2021. Though it may be difficult to think about year-end in the middle of the summer, you’ll want to figure out your position on this credit before December. A tax professional can help you understand the ERTC and help you decide on your next step.

About the author

Michael Silvio is a partner at MGO. He has more than 25 years of experience in public accounting and tax and has served a variety of public and private businesses in the manufacturing, distribution, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology sectors.

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